Variable dissipation dynamical systems: integrability and analysis
Maxim V. Shamolin,
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Institute of Mechanics, Russian Federation
Abstract: In this activity, we systematize some results on the study of the equations of spatial motion of dynamically symmetric fixed rigid bodies-pendulums located in a nonconservative force fields. The form of these equations is taken from the dynamics of real fixed rigid bodies placed in a homogeneous flow of a medium. In parallel, we study the problem of a spatial motion of a free rigid body also located in a similar force fields. Herewith, this free rigid body is influenced by a nonconservative tracing force; under action of this force, either the magnitude of the velocity of some characteristic point of the body remains constant, which means that the system possesses a nonintegrable servo constraint, or the center of mass of the body moves rectilinearly and uniformly; this means that there exists a nonconservative couple of forces in the system.
We also review both new results and results obtained earlier. Problems examined are described by dynamical systems with so-called variable dissipation with zero mean. The problem of the search for complete sets of transcendental first integrals of systems with dissipation is quite topical; a large number of works are devoted to it. We introduce a new class of dynamical systems that have a periodic coordinate. Due to the existence of nontrivial symmetry groups of such systems, we can prove that these systems possess variable dissipation with zero mean, which means that on the average for a period with respect to the periodic coordinate, the dissipation in the system is equal to zero, although in various domains of the phase space, either the energy pumping or dissipation can occur. Based on the facts obtained, we analyze dynamical systems that appear in dynamics of a multi-dimensional rigid body and obtain a series of new cases of complete integrability of the equations of motion in transcendental functions, which can be expressed through a finite combination of elementary functions. As applications, we study dynamical equations of motion arising in the study of the plane and spatial dynamics of a rigid body interacting with a medium and also a possible generalization of the obtained methods for the study of general systems arising in the qualitative theory of ordinary differential equations, in the theory of dynamical systems, and also in oscillation theory.
Acknowledgements: Institute of Mechanics, Lomonosov Moscow State University